Andada ht was born from the relationship between language and typography. It is an organic-slab serif text font, hybrid style and medium contrast. It is the product of 10 years’ research and development. It was designed to be used in a multilingual context and to survive to adverse print conditions.
- Type Foundry: Huerta Tipográfica
- Author: Carolina Giovagnoli
- Created: 2010
- Revision 1: 2015
- Revision 2: 2019
- Revision 3: 2021
- 8 Fonts:
- 4 Weights: Regular, Medium, Bold and Extra bold
- Small caps
- Language support: Latin Plus
- License Types: SIL OPEN FONT LICENSE Version 1.1
Awards and exhibitions
- Exhibitions: Tipos Latinos 2010 - 2014 - América Latina
- Award Diseño gráfico in the 2nd Bienal Iberoamericana de Diseño_BID 2010, diseño para la diversidad y el desarrollo. More info: Experimenta and BID_10
- 2013. Exhibition: Octubre, mes del diseño Museo Municipal de Arte Moderno, Mendoza
- 2017. Exhibition: Novo mundo MUDE – Museu do Design e da Moda. Portugal
- 2019. Exhibition: Al pie de la letra, Experiencias tipográficas en Argentina Museo del libro y de la lengua, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Download the catalogue here
Andada ht was born from the relationship between language and typography. It is an organic-slab serif, hybrid style and medium contrast type for text. Initially it was designed to be used in a specific bilingual context, Spanish and Guaraní (pre-hispanic) languages therefore the language is its design criteria.
The Guaraní language uses the latin system, it has a character named puso, which is an identifying sign for Guaraní, like the ñ in Spanish, the č in Czech or the ß in German. The correct sign to represent the puso is the saltillo (Saltillo uniA78B, saltillo uniA78C), but usually it’s replaced by an apostrophe because the saltillo does not appear in the spanish, english or portuguese keyboards layouts.
During these 10 years of work I have looked for different solutions to improve the composition of text in guaraní, from the typographical and technical points of view.
I have developed a new keyboard distribution, which allows the guaraní language users to normally type in their language.
“Beautification” of the language
Following the original idea of language as design criteria, Andada ht has improved its performance in different languages:
- The stylistic set 1 replaces the apostrophe by the saltillo to speed up keyboard typing.
- There are alternative designs of k and ascendant characters to avoid collision with the alternative caron (ď / ľ)
- The stylisc set 3
ss03replaces the connect cedilla with the disconnected cedilla.
- Uppercase diacritics set.
New weight program
- Extra bold
Since 2019 Andada ht has 4 weights. The Regular is lighter and the bold turns into extra bold, and now there is room for the new family members.
- Tasks improvements. Now it’s possible to change from rounded to italic from the keyboard, in the whole color palette.
- Small caps figures.
- Roman numbers.
- New set of decorative elements.
Saltillo. u+a78b [ꞌ] / u+a78c [Ꞌ]
Many alphabets use it to represent glottal occlusion or glotal stop phoneme. It doesn't have a shortcut on the Spanish or English keyboard layouts, this is the reason for its resemblance to the apostrophe, which has a key. That replacement creates confusion. Saltillo and apostrophe have different Unicode points and functional categories, one is a letter and the other is a punctuation mark, this discrepancy causes conflicts in the digitization of texts.
Apostrophe, quoteright. u + 2019
Classification: Punctuation mark.
Many languages use the apostrophe as mark elision, separate morphemes or indicate inflections. This glyph also coincides with the single quotation mark, which in Spanish occupies the last hierarchy « “ ‘Hello’ ” ». Many linguists and authors use it to graphically represent the phonemes of the glotal occlusion, suspension or the aspirated letters.
Prima, minute, feet. u + 2032
Classification: Mathematical sign.
This sign is used as the abbreviation of minute (60′ = 1º) or the measure of foot length (1 ′ = 12 ″). It can be straight or inclined but it doesn’t have to be confused with the quotation mark.
Where is Guaraní language used?
Latin America, Caribbean, Spain and differents regions where Guaraní-speaking groups live.
It is an official language in:
- Province of Corrientes, Argentina
- Tacuru, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil
It is regulated by the Guaraní Language Academy.
It has approximately 8,000,000 speakers.
Its family language is Tupí.
It uses the Latin system writing.
I've developed Andada ht specifically for the variety known as Paraguayan Guarani (Avañeꞌẽ) that belongs to the Tupi–Guarani family of the Tupian languages.
It's made up of 33 letters, ordered as follows:
A, Ã, Ch, E, Ẽ, G, G̃, H, I, Ĩ, J, K, L, M, Mb, N, Nd, Ng, Nt, Ñ, O, Õ, P, R, Rr S, T, U, Ũ, V, Y, Ỹ, Ꞌ.
- 12 vowels: A, Ã, E, Ẽ, I, Ĩ, O, Õ, U, Ũ, V, Y, Ỹ.
- 15 consonants: G, G̃, H, J, K, L, M, N, Ñ, P, R, S, T, V, Ꞌ.
- 6 digraphs: Ch, Mb, Nd, Ng, Nt, Rr.
It is regulated by the Guaraní Language Academy.
It has approximately 8,000,000 speakers.
Its family language is Tupí
It uses the Latin system writing.
I've developed Andada ht specifically for the variety known as Paraguayan Guarani (AvañeꞋẽ) that belongs to the Tupi–Guarani family of the Tupian languages.
Figures and fractions
Punctuations, signs, symbols
The language validation from Underware validates that Andada ht pro supports 219 languages from 212 countries:
Abenaki, Afaan Oromo, Afar, Afrikaans, Albanian, Alsatian, Amis, Anuta, Aragonese, Aranese, Aromanian, Arrernte, Arvanitic (Latin), Asturian, Atayal, Aymara, Azerbaijani, Bashkir (Latin), Basque, Belarusian (Latin), Bemba, Bikol, Bislama, Bosnian, Breton, Cape Verdean , Creole, Catalan, Cebuano, Chamorro, Chavacano, Chichewa, Chickasaw, Cimbrian, Cofán, Cornish, Corsican, Creek, Crimean Tatar (Latin), Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dawan, Delaware, Dholuo, Drehu, Dutch, English, Esperanto, Estonian, Faroese, Fijian, Filipino, Finnish, Folkspraak, French, Frisian, Friulian, Gagauz (Latin), Galician, Ganda, Genoese, German, Gikuyu, Gooniyandi, Greenlandic (Kalaallisut), Guadeloupean Creole, Gwich’in, Haitian Creole, Hän, Hawaiian, Hiligaynon, Hopi, Hotcąk (Latin), Hungarian, Icelandic, Ido, Igbo, Ilocano, Indonesian, Interglossa, Interlingua, Irish, Istro-Romanian, Italian, Jamaican, Javanese (Latin), Jèrriais, Kaingang, Kala , Lagaw Ya, Kapampangan (Latin), Kaqchikel, Karakalpak (Latin), Karelian (Latin), Kashubian, Kikongo, Kinyarwanda, Kiribati, Kirundi, Klingon, Kurdish (Latin), Ladin, Latin, Latino sine Flexione, Latvian, Lithuanian, Lojban, Lombard, Low Saxon, Luxembourgish, Maasai, Makhuwa, Malay, Maltese, Manx, Māori, Marquesan, Megleno-Romanian, Meriam , Mir, Mirandese, Mohawk, Moldovan, Montagnais, Montenegrin, Murrinh-Patha, Nagamese Creole, Nahuatl, Ndebele, Neapolitan, Ngiyambaa, Niuean, Noongar, Norwegian, Novial, Occidental, Occitan, Old Icelandic, Old , Norse, Onĕipŏt, Oshiwambo, Ossetian (Latin), Palauan, Papiamento, Piedmontese, Polish, Portuguese, Potawatomi, Q’eqchi’, Quechua, Rarotongan, Romanian, Romansh, Rotokas, Sami (Inari Sami), Sami (Lule Sami), Sami (Northern Sami), Sami (Southern Sami), Samoan, Sango, Saramaccan, Sardinian, Scottish Gaelic, Serbian (Latin), Seri, Seychellois Creole, Shawnee, Shona, Sicilian, Silesian, Slovak, Slovenian, Slovio (Latin), Somali, Sorbian (Lower Sorbian), Sorbian (Upper Sorbian), Sotho (Northern), Sotho (Southern), Spanish, Sranan, Sundanese (Latin), Swahili, Swazi, Swedish, Tagalog, Tahitian, Tetum, Tok Pisin, Tokelauan, Tongan, Tshiluba, Tsonga, Tswana, Tumbuka, Turkish, Turkmen (Latin)Tuvaluan, Tzotzil, Uzbek (Latin), Venetian, Vepsian, Volapük, Võro, Wallisian, Walloon, Waray-Waray, Warlpiri, Wayuu, Welsh, Wik-Mungkan, Wiradjuri, Wolof, Xavante, Xhosa, Yapese, Yindjibarndi, Zapotec, Zarma, Zazaki, Zulu & Zuni.
OpenType features are designed and developed for tasks improvements. They help to set and design the text and to keep the pages, the paragraphs and the words beautiful.
Historically, these ligatures were designed to improve the kerning and readability of certain letter pairs that, due to their design or structure make the setting difficult. Here, this tradition continues as an aesthetic resource. This feature should be active by default. Here are the standard and historical ligatures.
They are designed to be ornamental, and not specifically designed for readability. This feature should be off by default.
This feature should be active by default. It is designed to enhance readability by providing better joining behavior between the characters that make up the ligature.
Small Caps from Lower Cases
Small Caps from Capitals
We have two small caps options:
- [SMCP] Lowercase letters are replaced with a glyph form of a small caps letter.
- [C2SC] Both capital and lowercase letters are replaced with a glyph form of a small caps letter.
The orthotypographic rules or “conventions” for the use of small caps are not strict, nowadays their function is more aesthetic than communicational.
[More info: Orthotypography]
Sensitive case form
By default, glyphs in a text typeface are designed to work with lowercase characters, sometimes you could need to set your text in all caps, then figures, parenthesis, guillemets, dashes, hyphens and other punctuation marks don’t match with lowercase. When the “all caps feature” (not when text is typed in caps) is enabled case-sensitive forms are automatically applied. The coexistance between uppercase, non alphabetic signs, numbers, punctuation, etc, required a space, proportion and position review. This feature is developed to enhance the word's and paragraph's rhythm.
It's active by default when the text has the “All Caps” option enabled.
The typographic categories affected are: letters, punctuation, figures and symbols.
Lining & Old style figures
Each figure (number) set is designed for a particular design situation. Therefore each set has its own space, proportion and structure to live together with its own type-partners.
Lining or uppercase figures are designed to harmonize with uppercase, and old style, lowercase or Elzevir figures are designed to live together with lowercase then, they have ascender, descender and lowercase proportion.
The lining figures in Andada ht are not lining, they are “hybrid figures” and they are the default set. They have shorter ascender and descender and proportion between uppercase and lowercase.
[More info: Orthotypography]
The tabular figures’ priority is the vertical readability and the proportional figures’ priority is the horizontal readability.
The tabular figures have a fixed width in all weights and variables. They can build a column in tables and lists.
The proportional have different proportion to harmonize with horizontal text context.
[subs] = Scientific Inferiors
This feature replaces all figures with their superior/inferiors alternates. These can be used for footnotes, mathematical, chemical or scientific notation.
The superscript set affected are figures, lowercase letters, some punctuations and some symbols.
On the other hand, subscript and scientific inferior are the same set.
Numerators and denominators are aligned to build diagonal fractions.
The font includes a basic set —¼ ½ ¾ ⅓ ⅔ ⅛ ⅜ ⅝ ⅞—, which is enabled by default with the openType ligatures.
If the fraction feature is enabled, you can build any fractions quickly only typing the sequence: [number] [slash] [number]. The numbers before the slash are replaced by numerators, the numbers after slash are replaced by denominators and the slash glyph is replaced by the bar.
This feature can differentiate between fractions and dates.
This feature replaces default alphabetic glyphs with the corresponding ordinal forms and transform it in an ordinal expression.
Stylistic set 1
[ss01] - GUARANI
This feature replaces default apostrophe or quotesingle glyphs (U+0027 or U+2019) with the corresponding saltillo glyph (U+A78B - U+A78C, lower- uppercase). It only happen if the apostrophe or quotesingle is between vocals.
Stylistic set 2
[ss02] - Romans Numbers
This feature replaces i v x d c l m glyphs with the corresponding glyphs forms from the roman numbers.
Stylistic set 3
Andada ht has two designs for cedilla, connected and unconnected.
This feature replaces default cedilla connected glyph with the corresponding unconnected form.
The default cedilla form is the connected one.
Stylistic set 4
[ss04] - Arrows
This feature replaces 1-0 glyphs with arrows glyphs forms.
Stylistic set 5
[ss05] - Geometry
This feature replaces a-z glyphs with geometrical glyphs forms.
Stylistic set 6
[ss06] - Mathematicals signs
This feature replaces [x] [hyphen] and [slash] glyphs with the corresponding mathematicals glyphs forms [multiply] [minus] and [divide].
Typographical syntax, also known as orthotypography, is the aspect of typography that defines the meaning and rightful usage of typographic signs, notably punctuation marks, and elements of layout such as flush margins and indentation. Orthotypographic rules vary broadly from language to language, from country to country, and even from publisher to publisher. As such, they are more often described as “conventions”.
Figures vs Letters
A number could be written in figures (numbers: 1 2 3…) or in letters (words: one, two, three…).
The figures have the same hierarchy as the words and both have to observe the same orthographic and orthotypographic rules except for the hyphenation.
Figures belong to figures system and letters belong to letter system. When a text has letters and figures, both systems have to be reconciled.
The contents and the meaning of the text is important to decide if you should use figures or letters.
- to number photos, graphics, etc.
- Date, year.
- to street number, floor, house, etc.
- To organize elements into a text hierarchy to appeal to an aesthetic resource.
- If you are using roman numbers, this letter could be small caps.
- Signature, epigraph, poem or text into an insert.
- To recognize if a book's author has written their own prolog. If the author wrote it, you must use only the initial in uppercase to set the prolog’s signature, if other people have written it you should use small caps.
- In legal texts (laws, decrees, etc.) the word “article” must be set in small caps.
- In a theatre play, the name of the speaker in dialogues should be set in small caps.
- In a dialogue, the dialogue sign could be replaced with the speaker's name. In this case you should set the name in small caps.
- The subtitles, abbreviations, acronyms, notes should be set in small caps.
- In a biography, the author's name should be set in small caps.
Transpassar – Poetics of movement
Book cover and interior pages for Transpassar, an anthology of poems about the streets of São Paulo.
The book was published by SESI-SP Editora and designed by graphic design studio Daó and Gabriela Pires.
Andada ht + Montserrat
Chinese horoscope for the year of the Fire Rooster by Gustavo Ng
Nosotros Valemos. Horizontes latinoamericanos del filosofar by Samuel Cabanchik
La jarana de Mario by Alec Dempster
El peronista rioplatense no es triple A by Iván Ouler. Anagrammatic map of South America
- About the font
- About Guarani language
- Character set
- OpenType features
- Font in use
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© 2019 Huerta Tipográfica. All rights reserved.